Everyone knows that adolescence is a time when kids are most sensitive about their body image, but a new study done by Timothy D. Nelson, assistant professor of Psychology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, found that body dissatisfaction is actually occurring much earlier. This study found that overweight pre-teens who experienced a particular kind of teasing about weight tended to judge their bodies more harshly and were less satisfied with their body sizes than pre-teens who didn’t experience getting teased about their weight. This specific kind of teasing can lead to other health and emotional issues such as increased risk of internalizing problems and developing irregular eating behaviors. Therefore, researchers believe that early indentification of children who are targets of being teased about their weight, and intervention efforts targeted at schools, can reduce the harmful effects of being teased about weight.
Do you want to have Bariatric surgery, and also want to become pregnant one day? If so, then you should consider undergoing bariatric surgery before becoming pregnant! A study done between 2002 and 2006 by Dr. Anne E. Burke, assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the John Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, found that obese women who have bariatric surgery before becoming pregnant are three times less likely to develop Gestational Diabetes and have reduced chances of having a Cesarean section than women who become pregnant before undergoing bariatric surgery. In addition, the study concluded that obese women who delivered before undergoing bariatric surgery were more likely to have an Adjustable Gastric Banding surgery than obese women who delivered after undergoing bariatric surgery. Therefore, consider bariatric surgery before planning a pregnancy!
Have you ever tried medical therapy for your fight against Obesity? Have you ever had surgery for your fight against Obesity? If you answered yes to either of the two questions, then you will be very interested in the study results found by Dr. Juan P. Valderas and his colleagues published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. They found that gastric surgery increases peptide YY (which controls appetite in the gut) and reduces hunger and appetite, while medical therapy has no change on peptide YY, hunger, or appetite. These findings occurred in study participants after they achieved the same amount of weight loss two months after their method of treatment. This explains the difference in success of medical therapy versus surgical therapy in the fight against obesity!
Are you currently pregnant, or are currently trying to get pregnant? If so, then you may find these study results important. Dr. David Ludwig, director of the Optimal Weight for Life at Children’s Hospital Boston and coauthor Dr. Janet Currie found that increasing amounts of maternal weight gain during pregnancy led to the birth of heavier infants, regardless of genetic factors. They found that the risks of giving birth to an infant weighing more than 8.8 pounds was more than double for women who gained more than 52 pounds during pregnancy, compared to women who gained 17-22 pounds during pregnancy. In conclusion, it is highly beneficial to begin obesity prevention efforts during pregnancy.
Are you an overweight female who is experiencing reduction in sex drive, difficulty becoming aroused, inability to achieve orgasm, a strong dislike of sexual activity, or pain with sexual activity or intercourse? Have you had weight loss surgery? If so, you will find these study results done by Dale S. Bond, assistant professor of psychiatry and human behavior, and colleagues at Miriam Hospital and Brown University very intriguing. Using Female Sexual Function Index scores, they found that Female Sexual Dysfunction resolved in 23 out of 34 women six months after bariatric surgery, and improvements in scores were seen in all 38 patients who received the Lap-Band surgery and in all 16 patients who received the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. These results were seen regardless of the percentage of excess weight loss. Therefore, weight loss surgery not only improves one’s self esteem but also can improve one’s sex life!
According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) findings in 2008, approximately 1 in 5 children between the ages of 6 and 11 and roughly 18% of children between the ages of 12 ansd 19 were obese. According to a new poll conducted by Knowledge Networks including 2,064 U.S. adults, adults quoted obesity as 1 of 3 top threats to children and teenagers, and the ranking differed according to ethnicity and race. Caucasians rated obesity as #1 threat followed by drug abuse and smoking, while Hispanics rated drug abuse as #1 threat followed by obesity and smoking, and while African Americans rated smoking as the #1 threat followed by teen pregnancy and obesity. According to these findings, the dangers of obesity in adolescents and teenagers have reached the American population, and has now become a top concern.
Researchers from John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and National Institute on Aging examined changes in American boys and girls (between ages 2-19) and by ethnic groups at the population level. They found that U.S. children and adolescents had increased adiposity (fatty tissue) measures including Body Mass Index (BMI), waist circumference, and triceps skinfold thickness. Heavier children/adolescents gained more fatty tissue (especially waist size), which was found to be most significant in African American girls and children between the ages 6-11. In conclusion, researchers believe that waist circumference is a better predictor of future obesity-related health risks (such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease in adulthood) than BMI alone.
A study done by Asa Ernersson and team of researchers from Linkoping University Sweden found that those who engaged in a four-week period of excessive food consumption (to increase energy intake by an average of 70%) and decreased exercise, showed an increase weight and fat mass more than two years later (even after the initial weight is lost) when compared to those who ate and exercised as normal. Those who increased energy intake while decreasing their exercise gained an average of 6.4kg (or 14.1 pounds) in body weight, where most of it was lost 6 months later, but showed an increased fat mass one year later and even greater 2.5 years later compared to baseline! Therefore concluding, after a short period of large food consumption and minimal exercise, there is an extended effect on fat mass, and there is a change in a person’s physiology that can cause it to be harder to lose and keep weight off!
Do you enjoy drinking sugar-sweetened beverages such as soft drinks, fruit drinks, sports drinks, energy/vitamin waters, sweetened iced tea, punch, or lemonade? If so, then you may change your habits after hearing these results found in a study published in 2010 by Vasanti S. Malik with the Harvard School of Public Health and colleagues. They concluded that higher consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with development of weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome! The risks for developing type 2 diabetes was 26% higher and the risk for developing metabolic syndrome was 20% higher in those with intake of 1-2 servings a day of sugar-sweetened beverages compared to those with intake of none or less than 1 serving a month of sugar-sweetened beverages. Due to the high levels of rapidly absorbable carbohydrates from added sugars and the large volumes consumed, drinking these beverages may lead to weight gain due to their high added sugar content and low satiety possibility, type 2 diabetes due to increasing blood glucose and insulin concentrations, and metabolic syndrome due to alterating taste preferences and diet quality from routine intake of highly sweetened beverages. Therefore, change your beverage choice to water!
Do you have Diabetes and are taking multiple medications to treat this disease? Have you had or are you interested in having bariatric surgery? If so, then you will love these results found by a study done in 2002-2005 by Dr. Martin A. Makary and team from John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and The John Hopkins University School of Medicine. Approximately 75% of patients discontinued the use of their diabetes medications completely 6 months after bariatric surgery, approximately 81% of those same patients discontinued their medications after one year, and approximately 85% of those same patients discontinued their medications two years after undergoing bariatric surgery, all regardless of the class of diabetes medications they were prescribed! Furthermore, healthcare costs dropped by roughly 34% in year two after bariatric surgery, and roughly 71% in year three after bariatric surgery. In conclusion, scientists believe healthcare insurers should pay for bariatric surgery for appropriate candidates as it serves as both a benefit to health and a potential annual cost savings!